The City of Seven Hills is one of the best-known nicknames for Rome. This is because the ancient city was built on and between these hills, which make up part of the core of the modern Italian capital.
The Seven Hills of Rome mark the ancient boundaries of the city. History of Rome says that the first settlements of Rome began on these hills.
These hills of Rome were protected within the Servian Walls, which were built in the 4th century BC. You can see some of the foundations, gates, and ruins of the Servian Walls in some parts of the city.
These hills are so intertwined with Rome’s foundation. So, you will hear references to the famed Seven Hills of Rome throughout the city’s history. And also the original delineation of the city limits and its consolidation of power over time.
The constructions and developments over the centuries have made some of those hills difficult to identify. So, the hills more closely resemble land ridges than proper mounts.
Read this article completely to know what is amazing about the city of seven hills.
1. Seven Hills of Rome: Aventine Hill
The Aventine Hill is one of the popular hills among all the hills. It belongs to the modern twelfth rione, Ripa. It is the southernmost of Rome’s seven hills.
There are two distinct heights of Aventine Hill. One hill lies greater to the northwest and the other to the southwest. These two distinct heights of the Aventine Hill are divided by a steep cleft that provides the base for an ancient roadway between the heights.
The two of the Aventine Hill may have been recognized as a single entity during the Republican Era. It plays an important role in Rome’s history. Let us know about the history of Aventine Hill.
Romulus, an emperor of Rome, chose to set up his empire on the Palatine Hill when Remus opted for the Aventine Hill when Romulus and Remus were dying for power.
The entire Aventine Hill continued to be a desirable location for powerful rulers even after the death of Remus in the hands of Romulus.
Because of its strategic and easy position overlooking the Tiber River, it orders through the centuries. Being an affluent residential area, it is known for housing the Priory of the Knights of Malta with its famous keyhole.
The hill is now an elegant residential part of Rome with a wealth of architectural interest, including palaces, churches, and gardens. You can find the charming beloved Giardino Degli Aranci, Orange Garden near the priory.
2. Seven Hills of Rome: Palatine Hill
Palatine Hill is the centremost hill of the Seven Hills of Rome. It is the most ancient part of the city. So, it is called the first nucleus of the Roman Empire. It is the location where the city of Rome is thought to have been founded.
In the present generation, it is mainly a large open-air museum. You can find many Palatine museum houses from the excavations here and other ancient Italian sites.
Starting with Augustus, many Imperial places were built here. The houses of the rich were mostly occupied till before imperial times.
Originally the hill is divided into two summits separated by a depression. Platinum is the highest part of the hill, and the other one is called, Germalus or Cermalus.
You can see many important ruins, including ancient imperial palaces, a hippodrome/stadium, and landscaped gardens.
The Farnese family owned this hill in the 16th century. The Farnese Gardens occupied it. But, it is still partially preserved above the remains of the Domus Tiberian.
In the 16th century, the Villa Mattei was at the top of the hill between the Domus Flavia and the Domus Augustana. Then, Scot Charles purchased it around 1830. The Villa was converted into a convent at the end of the 19th century.
These are few things you should know about the famous Palatine Hill, Rome.
3. Seven Hills of Rome: Capitoline Hill
Capitoline Hill is another significant hill among all seven hills for the identity of Rome. You can find it between the Forum and the Campus Martius. The hill was dedicated to the god Saturn and was earlier known as Mons Saturnius.
You can find several important temples built on Capitoline hill. Some of them are the temple of Juno Moneta, Virtus, and the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus.
Among these temples, the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus is the most important. It is nearly as large as the Parthenon. According to Rome’s history, this temple was built in 509 BC.
It is said that the hill and the temple of Jupiter are the symbols of Rome, the capital of the world. You will find the temple of Saturn at the foot of Capitoline Hill at the western end of the Forum Romanum.
The Capitoline Hill overlooks the Roman Forum and today hosts Rome’s city hall. The Name Capitoline has emerged from the word capitol, which means ‘dominant height.’
4. Seven Hills of Rome: Caelian Hill
Another hill among the seven hills of Rome is Caelian Hill. You can see the rise of Esquiline, Viminal, and Quirinal hills from the overlook of Caelian Hill.
The Caelian Hill was the residential district of Rome’s wealthy families close to the Colosseum during the Republic era. It is the most notable for its peaceful atmosphere.
The name Caelian Hill was extracted from the Etruscan folk hero Caelius Vibenna, who presumably settled on the hill.
Basilica of San Clemente, Basilica of Saint John Lateran, Church of Santi Quattro Coronati, Church of Santo Stefano Rotondo are some of the famous churches on the Caelian Hill.
The special atmosphere of the Caelian Hill combines the spirit of ancient Roman streets and churches with the smell of pine trees and soothing silence. It is known as an oak hill because it was all covered in oak trees.
Caelian hill turned into a luxury area during imperial times. Here, the wealthy Roman nobility built their gorgeous villas with beautiful gardens. And also, you can find that the houses were encrusted with marble.
5. Seven Hills of Rome: Quirinal Hill
The Quirinal Hill is the highest of the Seven Hills. It is the seat of the President of the Italian Republic who lives within the Palazzo del Quirinale.
Earlier, it was originally a residence of the Pope. And also one of the largest palaces in the world. Quirinal Hill housed many important figures over the centuries. It includes 0 Popes, four Kings of Italy, and 12 presidents of the Italian Republic.
A modern traffic tunnel pierces Quirinal Hill. It has also been a distinguished address since Pomponius Atticus, recipient of the statesman Cicero’s letters.
Powerful Roman families Starting with the Crescentia, planted the family fortress there in the Middle Ages.
It is a perfect place to escape from hot Roman summers because of its height of 61 meters. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations. The Quirinal hill opens up splendid city views from its top.
Here, you can also find one of the most prominent monuments of the hill, the Quirinal Palace. It is considered to be an official residence of the President of the Italian Republic.
6. Seven Hills of Rome: Esquiline Hill
The Esquiline Hill is the best part of the complete trip to seven hills. Being a location of Emperor Nero’s Domus Aurea, Golden House, it was very famous all over Rome. And also, the palace once occupied the Palatine and the Caelian hills as well.
History says Nero undertook the Esquiline Hill to rebuild more than 200 acres (81 hectares) of it as a palace for himself. And even seawater and sulfur water were piped into its baths. Lowers were sprinkled down through its fretted ivory ceilings.
It is the best place for seasoned travelers who are ready to explore the depth of ancient Roman history. And they into the incredible vibrant atmosphere of one of the eldest parts of Rome.
The area of the Esquiline hill undergone major reconstruction in the 19th century. Now, Esquiline hill is famous for its historical and religious monuments.
7. Seven Hills of Rome: Viminal Hill
The Viminal Hill is the smallest of the Great Hills of Rome. It is situated in between the Esquiline and Quirinal Hills. Even though the hill is the smallest of all seven hills, the hill area is full of shopping places and historical sites.
The Viminal Hill is retained its historical charm by immersing in the vibrant atmosphere of this district. You will be able to see how despite being greatly affected by urbanization.
Some say that the Viminal hill received its name from the cult title of Jupiter. The Viminal hill has been given the least importance during ancient times. That is why it has no many historical sites remained till these days.
You can benefit from an array of restaurants and shops if you take a walk in this district. You will not only find modern brand clothing and accessories but also goods from local Italian designers.
Here you can enjoy it a lot because this one-day trip is family-friendly. So, I suggest you plan a family vacation to the Seven Hills of Rome and have great fun!