Honduras and Mexico have long had a strong connection and share a shared history and several Marian socio-cultural characteristics. Both have Mesoamerican cultural heritages, such as the Maya, were conquered by the same conquerors, such as Hernán Cortes, Cristóbal de Olid, and Pedro de Alvarado, and subsequently belonged to the Spanish Empire, are predominantly Catholic, and were part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain from 1535 to 1821.
Honduras was a part of the First Mexican Empire for a brief period after gaining independence from Spain in 1821, until 1823, when it joined the Federal Republic of Central America. During the so-called Central American Civil Wars, General Agustin Guzmán, a native of Quetzaltenango, was among the Mexicans who joined the Army Allied Protector of the Law, which Honduran Francisco Morazán headed. Honduras became an independent country after its disintegration in 1838.
Relations Between Honduras and Mexico
Don José, although Cruz, a Mexican immigrant in Honduras, was the father of President Francisco Cruz Castro.
During the governments of Dr. Marco Aurelio Soto in Honduras and Don Porfirio Daz in Mexico, Honduras, and Mexico established official diplomatic ties in 1879.
Both countries established permanent diplomatic posts in their respective capitals in 1908. Both countries signed a pact of ‘Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation’ the same year. Their diplomatic posts were upgraded to embassies in 1943.
During the 19th century, following Honduran liberal reform and the Honduran government’s modification of immigration laws, many Mexicans traveled south until they reached Honduras, where they settled in cities such as Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, La Ceiba, and others, where they established businesses or sought better opportunities.
1. History of Both the Countries
Throughout Honduras’ early chaotic history, which included coups, military control, US involvement, and conflicts with neighboring nations, Mexico has actively monitored and became engaged in the country’s affairs. Honduras and El Salvador went to war in 1969, dubbed the Football War, for which Mexico interfered diplomatically and attempted to mediate a settlement between the two nations.
Honduran President Manuel Zelaya was deposed in a coup in June 2009 and deported to Costa Rica. Like numerous other Latin American countries, Mexico cut ties with Honduras for the time being. In July 2010, full diplomatic ties were re-established between the two countries.
2. About Honduras
The Caribbean Sea washes the country’s northern shore, while the Pacific Ocean washes the country’s southern coast.
Its territory covers the Bay Islands’ offshore Caribbean sector. Tegucigalpa (including Comayagüela) is the capital. However, unlike most other Central American nations, San Pedro Sula, the second-largest city, is similarly significant industrially and economically while having only half the capital population.
3. The Terrain
More than three-quarters of Honduras’ land area is hilly, with lowlands only found around the coastlines and in a few river basins deep into the interior.
The Volcanic Highlands, in the southwest, is made up of alternating strata of black volcanic debris and lava flows, both from the middle to early Cenozoic period (i.e., about 2.6 to 65 million years old). Other areas’ northern highlands are older, with granite and crystalline materials dominating.
The temperature is often hot, with heavy humidity in the tropical coastal lowlands, moderated by elevation as one travels farther inland.
Lowlands below 1,500 feet (460 meters) have typical annual temperatures of 79 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit (26 to 28 degrees Celsius). Calm northern winds of continental origin sometimes strike the north coast from October to April.
Temperatures in mountain basins and valleys range between 2,000 and 4,000 feet (600 meters), with typical annual temperatures of 66- and 73 degrees Fahrenheit (19 and 23 degrees Celsius).
The rainy season begins in May and lasts until mid-November in Tegucigalpa, which is situated on hilly terrain at an elevation of 3,200 feet (975 meters), with temperatures ranging from 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) in May to 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius) in December, the most incredible month. The average yearly temperature at 7,000 feet (2,100 meters) is about 58 degrees Fahrenheit (14 degrees Celsius).
5. Animal and Plant Life
Mangrove and palm forests may be found in eastern Honduras’ coastal and lagoon swamps, while low, wet, sandy plains with pine (Pinus caribaea) savanna can be found west of these, stretching inland for 40 miles (65 km) or more.
Broad belts of dense evergreen broad-leaved forests with many species of large trees, including mahogany, lignum vitae, Spanish cedar, balsa, rosewood, ceiba, sapodilla, and Castillo rubber, can be found west of the pine savanna, in low valleys and on lower mountains, which are rainy all year, and on the low, rainy northern mountains.
The most visible animal forms include insects, birds, and reptiles. Many different species of butterflies, moths, beetles, bees, wasps, spiders, ants, flies, and mosquitoes exist, many of which are colorful. The coastal regions are densely populated with waterfowl. Crocodiles, snakes, lizards (including the colossal iguana), and turtles may all be found in the tropical jungle. Deer, peccaries, tapirs, pumas, jaguars, and ocelots are among the wildlife.
6. The People of Honduras
Since far before the 1st century CE, Honduras has been populated. Before the Maya relocated to the Yucatán Peninsula, the remains at Copán in western Honduras suggest that the region was the center of Mayan civilization. The majority of American Indians are Lenca, and they today live in the southwest, along the Guatemalan border, close to the pre-Columbian period’s most prominent Indian-centered civilization enters range.
7. The Character of Mexico City
Mexico City is a city of contrasts, a tribute to a proud and hardworking nation that is nonetheless beset by crises. Some commentators had focused on the city’s perils, horrors, and tragedies, as Mexican author Carlos Fuentes put it when he named it the capital of underdevelopment.
Others have even though the capital’s shortcomings while maintaining that it is a genuine home for millions of people—a lively mosaic of avenues bolstered by extended family networks, reciprocity, and respect.
8. Mexico City’s Scenery
8.1. Site in The City
Mexico’s highland valley is surrounded by mountains from the Cordillera Neo-Volcánica (Neo-Volcanic Range). The streams that run down their slopes drop into the basin’s meters center; recognized colonies formerly covered with lakes.
Consequently, the lacustrine plains account for one-fourth of the total area of the city and Federal District. The downtown area is around 7,350 feet (2,240 meters) above sea level, while total altitudes are over 8,000 feet (2,400 meters).
The climate of Mexico City is affected by its high height, restricted air circulation due to the mountains on three sides, and exposure to both tropical and cold northern fronts. The latter undertakes southerly incursions during the winter and spring in the Northern Hemisphere. Like other high-elevation towns in the tropics, Mexico City is generally excellent throughout the year.
The lakes used to have a temperature-regulating effect, preventing the basin from being too cold or hot. They also provided moisture, resulting in greater relative humidity than now. Since the surrounding lakes were drained and the built-up region grew in size, the city’s climate has altered.
10. The Layout of The City
Several hills of historical importance reside within the city boundaries, even though the layout. However, most of central and eastern Mexico City is constructed on dry lake beds. Tepeyac, a low hill complex to the north, is home to the Basilica of Guadalupe. Beyond it lies the Sierra de Guadalupe, which constituted the colonial city’s northern border.
To the south, near the ancient lakefront town of Colhuacan, lies the Cerro de la Estrella, where, before the Spanish conquest, a bonfire was set every 52 years in the New Fire Ceremony.
11. Honduras and Mexico Competed in A Well-Known World Cup Qualifying Match
11.1. Mexico Won 3-0 over Honduras at The Estadio Azteca to Reclaim First Place in The Concacaf Octagonal for the 2021 World Cup Qualifying
El Tri head coach Gerardo Martino made three changes to his starting XI after a dismal 1-1 draw with Canada, a match in which Mexico was lucky to secure a point at home. Instead of Jorge Sánchez, Chaka Rodrguez began at right fullback, giving Mexico better possession throughout the game. Another ball-playing defender, veteran defender Héctor Moreno, began in center defense ahead of the more robust Néstor Araujo.
Perhaps most crucially, Martino saw that, after losing the midfield fight against Canada, a more dynamic presence in the center was required against Honduras.
Sebastián Córdova, 24, of Club América, came in to replace 35-year-old Andrés Guardado in the midfield and quickly delivered. Córdova calmed a jittery Mexican crowd with a close-range strike past Honduran goalkeeper Luis López in the 18th minute.
Mexico lost multiple first-half opportunities, allowing Honduras to stay in the game until Rogelio Funes Mori, an Argentine, scored Mexico’s second goal in the 76th minute.
In the 49th minute, Maynor Figueroa, a defender for Honduras, was sent off for a dangerous charge from behind on Wolverhampton striker Ral Jiménez. Honduras was no match for Mexico after that.
Hirving “Chucky” Lozano of Napoli was Mexico’s finest player on the night. After an uncharacteristically unproductive first half, Lozano scored a fantastic goal in the 86th minute.