What Does an Automation Engineer Do? What Does an Automation Engineer Do?

What Does an Automation Engineer Do? Learn 5 Key Facts!

Automation engineering has become a “hot topic” with the rise in social media and other virtual platforms. Reducing human effort and increasing productivity are the main aims of every technology.

But what does an automation engineer do? How significant is their role in today’s society? To know all these, we must first understand what automation engineering is.

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1. Introduction to Automation Engineering

Automation engineering is a specialized branch of computer science of engineering that mainly focuses on creating and crafting systems and processes that can operate with minimal human intervention. This field encompasses various industries including aerospace, manufacturing, automotive, and many others. 

2. What Does an Automation Engineer Do?

Automation engineers have a critical role in the present technology-driven world. They are accountable for designing, developing, and maintaining automated systems and processes that give a boost to operations and increase efficiency in a wide range of industries.      

3. The Core Responsibilities of an Automation Engineer

3.1 System Design and Architecture

One of the most important responsibilities of an engineer is to craft the overall system of architecture and automation tools. This includes understanding the specific needs and requirements of the industry or process, selecting appropriate hardware components, and determining the software framework that will take the lead in the automated system.

3.2 Programming and Software

Automation engineers are skilled in diverse programming languages and software development tools. They write code to craft the logic and control systems important to operate automated equipment. This can involve different languages such as Java, Python, C++, and specialized automation tools like PLC (Programmable Logic Controllers) Programming.

3.3 Integration of Sensors and Actuators

Automation engineers also have the responsibility of integrating sensors to collect data from the environment and actuators to carry out actions based on that data. This includes selecting the most appropriate sensors and actuators, wiring them into the system, and configuring them to communicate with the control software. 

3.4 Control System Implementation

Automation engineers also develop and implement control systems software processes that help to regulate the behavior of automated types of equipment. This includes programming the logic that interprets sensor data, makes decisions, and sends commands to activate to perform a specific action.

3.5 Testing and Debugging 

Thorough testing and debugging of crucial aspects are an automation engineer’s role. They conduct extensive testing to ensure that automated processes and system functions are reliable and efficient. They identify and rectify any issues or malfunctions in this system.

3.6 Documentation and Reporting

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By Pexels/Pixabay copyrights 2016

The automation engineer creates detailed documentation outlining system design configuration and operating procedure. This documentation serves as a reference for maintenance troubleshooting and further enhancements of automation equipment

3.7 Maintenance and Support

When an automated system is installed, automation engineers are responsible for its ongoing maintenance, including routine inspections, updates, and repairs to ensure continued functionality.

Driving Success: The Evolving Role of Automation Engineers in People-Tech Synergy

Marty Aghajanyan, the CEO and Founder of JBoard comments with hands-on experience and knowledge of current industry trends:

“In HR, [an] important role for an engineer working with automation today is nurturing People-Tech Synergy. It’s not only about mastering and perfecting technology.

It’s also about knowing and partnering with people using or being affected by this tech. [In] the past, only coding and specialized technical skills were necessary to succeed as an automation engineer.

However, there’s an increased emphasis placed on interpersonal and communication skills.

The task of bridging the gap between technology and people becomes urgent. An automation engineer needs to interpret complex tech concepts into simple words for non-tech team members.

It is not enough for specialists to automate the execution of tasks; they should do it in a way that fosters collaboration and awareness between different teams.”

Marty Aghajanyan
Marty Aghajanyan

 4. Skills and Qualities of an Automation Engineer

The specific skills and qualities required may vary depending on the industry and the nature of the automation projects. Continued learning and staying updated with industry trends are essential for any automation engineer to thrive in their role. Here are the key skills and qualities that are important for an automation engineer-

4.1 Programming Proficiency

Strong professional in programming languages like Python Java C++ or other relevant languages. This is important for writing automation scripts and code.

4.2 Scripting Languages

Code on the computer screen.
By Elchinator/Pixabay copyrights 2019

They must be familiar with all types of scripting languages like PowerShell and Bash for tasks like system automation scripting and batch processing.

4.3 Knowledge of Automation Tools and Frameworks

They must have proficiency in using automation frameworks and tools like Appium, TestNG, JUnit, selenium, and others depending on the specific domain like web and mobile.

4.4 Understanding and Testing Concepts 

In-depth knowledge of technology such as integration testing process automation, unit testing, regression testing, and performance testing is important for automation engineers.

4.5 Understanding Databases

They should also have proficiency in working with database writing SQL queries, as automated tests often require interaction with databases. 

4.6 Analytical Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills

The capacity to analyze and translate requirements into effective automated test cases or processes.

4.7 Team Collaboration and Communication Skills

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By Akson/Unsplash copyrights 2018

Ability to work effectively in team collaboration with developers, testers, and other stakeholders to ensure a smooth automation process. Establishing clear and effective communication with others is important.

4.8 Time Management

Time is an important factor in everyone’s life. Being late in delivering your projects and assignments can affect your image. So, managing your time effectively to meet deadlines and deliver automation processes promptly is a must.

4.9 Ethical Consideration

Ethics are the most important basic universal values which should be present in every person. The same applies to how to become an automation engineer by understanding ethical considerations in automation such as data privacy and security and adherence to industry standards.

5. Impact of Automation Engineers

Automation engineers have a significant impact on various industries. While there are challenges associated with traditional automation engineers, the benefits it brings to business and society as a whole are remarkable. Here are some impacts of automation engineers:

5.1 Increased Efficiency and Productivity

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By Isaac Smith/Unsplash copyrights 2018

Automation engineers design systems that can perform repetitive tasks faster and with higher precision than human workers. This leads to increased productivity and allows human workers to focus on more complex and creative aspects of their jobs.

5.2 Reduced Human Error

Automatic systems are less prone to making mistakes compared to humans. This can lead to higher quality products and services and improved safety in industries where precision is critical.

5.3 Cost Saving

Automation can lead to automation jobs and to remarkable cost savings over time. Once implemented, automated systems can operate continuously without the need for breaks, salaries, or benefits which can result in substantial long-term savings for business.

5.4 Faster Production and Shorter Lead Times

Automation can speed up the production process, reducing lead time for the delivery of products or services to customers. This can lead to increased customer satisfaction and potential competitive advantage in the market.

5.5 Innovation and Technological Advancement

Free Innovation Business photo and picture
By jarmoluk/ Pixabay copyrights 2014

Automation engineers are at the forefront of technology innovation. They develop and implement cutting-edge automation technology that can drive advancement in various industries and lead to new opportunities for growth and development.

5.6 Environmental Impact

Automation can be used to optimize resource utilization, reduce waste, and improve energy efficiency. This can positively affect the environment by minimizing the ecological footprint of industrial and manufacturing processes.

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By MR-PANDA/ Pixabay copyrights 2018

5.7 Improved Safety

Automation can be used in hazardous environments where it may be unsafe for humans to work. For example, in manufacturing plants with high temperatures of toxic substances or heavy machinery, automatic systems can take over tasks that would put human workers at risk.

5.8 Scalability and Consistency

Automated systems can be easily scaled to meet increased demands. Once a process is automated it can be replicated with little additional effort and sharing consistency, quality, and output.

5.9 Data Collection and Analysis

What Does an Automation Engineer Do? person in blue shirt writing on white paper
By UX Indonesia/Unsplash copyrights 2020

Automation systems often come with built-in sensors and data collection capabilities. This enables businesses to gather valuable insights about their operations, which can be used to make informed decisions and optimize processes further.

5.10 Jobs Transformation and Creation

While automation can lead to the displacement of some jobs it creates new opportunities also, automation engineers themselves are in high demand, and there are also emerging roles related to automation engineer salaries to the maintenance programming and supervision of automated systems.

Jon Morgan, CEO and Editor-in-Chief of Venture Smarter explains the key challenges faced by automation engineers and ensures responsible and sustainable automation practices:

“The challenges faced by automation engineers are no walk in the park, that’s for sure. One biggie is the ethical and responsible use of automation tech.

It’s like handing a kid a loaded gun – if not used properly, it can lead to some serious problems. So, the industry needs to prioritize developing and implementing robust ethical guidelines.

[We’re talking about] creating a playbook that ensures automation doesn’t trample on privacy, human rights, or job security. It’s about making sure our tech plays nice with society.

Another hurdle is the ever-evolving technology landscape. It’s like trying to hit a moving target – keeping up with the latest advancements can be a real headache.

[To] tackle this, the industry should invest in continuous training and education for engineers. We need a workforce that’s not just tech-savvy but stays ahead of the curve. Think of it as a tech marathon, not a sprint.”

Jon Morgan
Jon Morgan

6. Conclusion

So, now we do not only know what an automation engineer does but also their responsibility and impact. While there are challenges associated with automation, the benefits it brings to business and society as a whole are substantial.

The industry needs to adapt to its technological shift to remain competitive and sustainable in the long run. Automation engineers with dynamic skill sets and a commitment to learning are at the forefront of technological innovation, shaping the future of automation across various sectors.

Guest Author: Saket Kumar

Last Updated on January 13, 2024 by Saket Kumar


  1. This article was very insightful. It covered the topic of “what an automation engineer does” very well” It is well researched and very well written.

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