Arizona is a state located in the south-western region of the United States. It is also famously known as Grand Canyon State. The major cities in this state are Phoenix, Tuscan, Scottsdale, Flagstaff, Yuma, and many more.
Overall in the US, 50 species of scorpions are found, and out of the 30 species are alone found in Arizona described as Arizona scorpions.
Arizona is categorized into Northern Arizona and Southern Arizona.
Northern Arizona consists of mountain ranges, deep canyons, pine forests, Douglas fir, and spruce trees. This area has moderate summer temperatures and compelling winter snowfalls.
Southern Arizona consists of a Desert region. Therefore the climate here is desert-like, with hot summers and mild winters.
Due to the different types of atmosphere, flora and fauna found here are very vivid. One of them is the scorpion. Scorpions are mainly found in desert regions, but they have also adapted to various environmental conditions.
Everything About Arizona Scorpions
Scorpions are the creature with eight legs and are easily identifiable with a pair of grasping pincers and the narrow tail which is often carried upward in a curve from the back and ends with a stinger. Arizona scorpions may be nocturnal or diurnal.
The identity of scorpions:
Scorpions use their pincers and the sting at the back to restrain the prey and kill them. The sting at the back contains venom for scorpions to either kill their prey or to defend themselves. The scorpion venom does not harm humans, and death due to scorpion sting is rare.
Scorpions prey on insects and invertebrates, but some species also prey on vertebrates.
A. Types Of Arizona Scorpions
The Arizona scorpions are mainly found in desert regions or on rocky surfaces where they can climb or stay. There are four common species of scorpions found in Arizona. Many of these scorpions are even seen in the houses of people living in Phoenix and Tuscan.
Arizona Bark Scorpion.
- Scientific name – Centruroides sculpturatus.
- Family – Buthidae.
- Length – 2-3 inches long.
Arizona Bark Scorpions have delicate hands and fingers along with long and narrow metasoma [tail]. They can climb rough surfaces with the help of their legs. They are the nocturnal type of scorpion which are active at night.
These species of Arizona Scorpions are mostly colored tan yellow to orange in the desert region, and at higher latitudes, they seem to be striped.
They are one of the most common scorpions found in the Phoenix area. The Bark scorpion sting can be harmful to humans. Therefore, they are termed as dangerous.
2. Giant Hairy Scorpion
- Scientific name – Hadrurus Arizonensis.
- Family – Iuridae.
- Length – 4 inches long.
The metasoma [tail] and pedipalps [claws] of this Arizona scorpion are densely covered with setae [hairs]. It is the largest scorpion found in the United States.
The Giant Hairy Scorpion diet includes small lizards, centipedes, spiders, insects, and other scorpions.
In Arizona, these types of scorpions are mainly found in Saguaro forests. They dig deep burrows to find water or live under surface objects such as rocks.
3. Stripe-tail Scorpion
- Scientific name – Paravaejovis Spinigerus.
- Family – Vaejovidae.
- Length – 3 inches long.
The Striped tail scorpion has a strong and reflecting metasoma with kneels that have underlying pigment. In this family, female scorpions are larger than male scorpions.
Their color ranges from light yellow-brown on the body to having dark stripes along the body’s spine. They are usually found under rocks.
The diet of these Arizona scorpions includes small invertebrates like crickets, roaches, and worms.
4. Yellow Ground Scorpion
- Scientific name – Vaejovis Confusus.
- Family – Vaejovidae.
- Length – 2-3 inches long.
These Yellow ground scorpions are similar to Arizona bark scorpions. Still, the only difference is that the first two metasoma segments of yellow ground scorpion are wider as they are longer.
These species of Arizona scorpions are nocturnal by nature, which means they are active at night.
They are yellowish in color and granular by nature. These scorpions are mainly found in Sonoran desert where it burrows or digs under rocks and other objects.
We know that scorpion stings are not dangerous for human beings, but they can irritate. Below are some signs of understanding the seriousness of the injury caused by the scorpion sting. And also are the first-aid measures for quick treatment on the injury.
1. Signs and Symptoms
- Tingling sensation near the injured area
- Immediate pain with minimal swelling
- The injured area may be sensitive to touch, heat and cold.
- Jerky body and wild eye movements [in small children and aged people]
2. First-Aid Measures
- Clean the injured area with soap and water.
- Compress the wound with ice or a cold substance.
- Place the affected limb in a comfortable position.
These first aid measures are applicable to reduce minor discomforts acquired from the scorpion sting. These measures are for young adults as their immune system is developed, and they can restrict the venom from spreading.
For the older generation and small children, it is better to contact the doctor immediately.
C. Precautions Needed to be taken
- As Scorpions come out more in the summer months, do not assume it will be dead if you see scorpions in your pool. Scorpions can stay submerged in the water for up to 48 hours and still come out alive without getting harm. Therefore be careful while removing scorpion from the pool.
- Wear shoes while walking outside the house and slippers or flip-flops inside the house. Check them before wearing them as scorpions can make your shoes their home.
- Scorpions have fluorescence in them. Therefore they glow brightly under ultraviolet light. So check the house with UV light for scorpions before bed-time.
- Ensure the door sweeps are tightly fitted, and the window screens are in good repair so that they can fit perfectly without leaving any gaps for scorpions to enter.
- Fix the holes and cracks in the house as they can lead scorpions inside your house. Basically, scorpions are good at climbing walls.
- Clear all the trash and debris and also logs and bricks saturated in the house. These are the places where scorpions like to live.
These are some precautions for avoiding scorpions in your home. Even if you have incoming scorpions, then the effective way to get rid of them is by doing pest-control in the house.
Hopefully, this article about Arizona scorpions gave you an insight into the different types of scorpions living in Arizona and the precaution needed to be taken to keep away the scorpions.