From magnificent waterfalls, dazzling mountains, majestic caves, and what not to Alabama native plants. Being in Alabama is like being in the beautiful hands of mother nature surrounded with peace and joy.
Alabama’s natural beauty helps us escape our everyday struggling life and be in peace for some time. The state tree and flower here are longleaf pine and camelia, respectively.
Native plants are those plants that are grown in a particular region naturally without any external help. Some plants are widespread and can be found in other regions also. But some plants are rigid to only one region or place.
Alabama native plants qualify for this condition. These plants are specific to Alabama only. Alabama native plants are not found in any other region except Alabama. Hence making these plants more special and rarer.
Various Alabama Native Plants are:
1. Acacia Farnesiana (Sweet Acacia)
Also known as Vachellia Farnesiana and commonly known as Sweet Acacia, this plant is mainly prized for its highly fragrant flowers. It is one of the most beautiful Alabama Native plants.
It is a species of small tree or shrub in the legume family. Having a height of 15-30 feet and multiple trunks, this plant is used for perfumes, gum, tanning leather, food, ornamental, traditional medicine, etc. Sweet Acacia propagates easily by scarification.
It is a native plant from Southern California to Southern Florida, Mexico, Central America, and Northern South America. It is a thorny plant with sharp spines, so it must be planted where children and visitors do not contact.
It propagates by scarification. Once established strongly, this plant is even tolerant to drought also.
2. Acer Floridanum (Florida Maple)
The Florida Maple, commonly known as the southern sugar maple or hammock maple, is a medium-sized or large deciduous plant.
It is one of the most alluring and versatile plants which looks magnificent when planted in the surroundings. It fertilizes in the spring season before the leaves emerge.
It grows up to 20-60 ft. tall and 25-40 ft. wide. Florida Maple flourishes the most in full sun or part shade. When grown in fertile, moist, acid, and well-drained soils, it gives the best results.
Be aware of verticillium wilt, cottony maple scale, borers, aphids, and gall mite. Proper care should be taken for the tree’s trunk to avoid damage done by weed eaters or lawnmowers.
3. Acer Negundo (Box Elder)
Known as the Box Elder, it is a species of maple native to North America. It is one of the fast-growing plants, but it is short-lived.
It is widely used in medicines, food, cultivation, etc. This plant might easily get affected by scale insects, aphids, or verticillium wilt. Always be cautious around snowfall or heavy wind as the wood of this plant is very weak. This plant is full sun or part shade lover.
It usually grows up to 30-50 ft. tall and wide. In moist and well-drained soils, this plant flourishes well.
It is a perfect specimen plant that can be planted in cottage gardens, city gardens, and containers. It is also found in different parts of North America.
4. Acer Rubrum (Red Maple)
Also known as Red Maple, this plant can be easily grown in swamps or poor dry soils. It grows perfectly from sea level.
It is also one of the perfect specimen plants in cottage gardens, city gardens, and containers. Its flowers, twigs, seeds, and almost everything is red in various degrees.
It grows around 40-70 ft tall and 30-50 ft wide. It is a low-maintenance plant that needs very little pruning. It grows easily in fertile soil in the spring season before the leaves emerge.
It is native to Eastern North America, from Quebec to Minnesota, south to Florida, and Eastern Texas. Seeds and grafting can easily propagate it.
5. Acer Saccharum (Sugar Maple)
Commonly known as Sugar Maple, it is a flowering plant. It is native to eastern North America. The leaf of sugar maple is the symbol of Canada.
It is the native plant to hardwood forests of eastern Canada and is also known by the names like “rock maple,” “sugar tree,” “bird-eye maple,” and whatnot.
It is mainly used to produce maple syrup. It can also be used as timber and an ingredient in urban planting. This plant is great for those who love full tree shade or part shade of a tree. It is a perfect specimen suitable for cottage gardens, city gardens, etc., and can be easily grown in fertile soil.
It grows up to 40-80 ft. tall and 30-60 ft. wide. It is recommended to plant these trees where the grass is already present as its roots are shallow and reach the surface at a very early stage.
6. Achillea Millefolium (White Yarrow)
Commonly known as white yarrow, this is a flowering plant in the family Asteraceae. This plant can lighten up any dull corner of your place with its dazzling beauty. It is a perfect specimen for your gardens and cottages.
It is creamy white and is very easy to care about also. It is even tolerant to drought, heat, humidity, deer, and rabbits. It is also found in Europe, Western Asia, and North America.
It is up to 24-36 inches tall and 12-18 inches wide. It gives the best results in the full sun. Part shade is also tolerable but for satisfaction and an amazing blossom, always try to grow it in full sun.
Apart from its eye-catching looks, it also possesses some other uses, like it is used in food, medicines, traditional medicines, agriculture, and companion planting.
7. Allium Schoenoprasum (Chives)
Commonly known as chives, this plant is a flowering plant belonging to the Amaryllidaceae family. This plant is widespread across the regions of Europe, Asia, and North America.
It is the only species that is native to both old and new worlds. It is mainly native to the temperate North Hemisphere.
It looks magnificent when planted across border fronts or rock gardens, herb gardens, cottages, resorts, vegetable gardens, and containers. It attracts beautiful butterflies, but the deer ignore it.
These plants are easily grown through seeds and can expand on their own if they are not deadheaded. It is used in culinary arts and is also used in plant cultivation. Being a beauty of Alabama Native plants.
8. Alnus Serrulata (Smooth Alder)
Commonly known as smooth alder, this plant is a thicket-forming shrub in the Betulaceae family. This plant can be found in Eastern North America, Western Nova Scotia, and Southern New Brunswick, south to Florida and Texas.
It blossoms perfectly in full sun and moist wet soils. It looks alluring and grows perfectly when planted along with ponds and streams. Bog gardens, swamp borders, and wet meadows are the perfect places to plant these.
It grows up to 10-20 ft. high and 12-15 ft. wide. This plant also tolerates part shade, clay soils, poor soils, and seasonal flooding.
9. Amorpha Fruticosa (Indigo Bush)
Commonly known as the Indigo bush, this is a flowering plant of the legume family. It is also known as the false indigo bush, desert false indigo bush, and bastard indigo bush.
It grows into a glandular thornless shrub. It is native to eastern Canada, northern Mexico, and most of the continental United States.
It is up to 4-12 ft tall 6-15 ft wide. It blossoms beautifully in the full sun and medium or average well-drained soil. It can tolerate wet soils as well as poor, sandy, and dry soils. It propagates by the seeds in the autumn.
It looks graceful when planted at beds and borders, wildflower gardens, prairies or meadows, and for erosion control on banks and slopes. It flourishes from late winter to early spring.
10. Amsonia Tabernaemontana (Blue Star)
Commonly known as the blue star, it belongs to the Apocynaceae family. It grows flourishingly under the full sun or part shade. It is a native plant to the United States of America. It is a clump-forming blue star that looks incredibly beautiful.
It grows up to 24-36 in tall and wide. If it comes in contact with the milky sap, it can irritate, so be aware. Blue star looks beautiful when planted at borders of shade gardens, prairie plantings, and cottage gardens. It is like a star among these beautiful Alabama Native plants.
When planted massively, these amazing plants give a heavenly view. This plant is deer resistant. It can tolerate clay. Always try to prevent flopping over of this plant as it may promote bushy growth.
Alabama Native Plants
These Alabama native plants give the most spectacular view when planted in large quantities. They are not only a great specimen to be planted but also have many additional uses. There are many benefits of native plants as they are more comfortable and better adapted to the soil than any other plant.
Alabama Native plants need not only fewer fertilizers or pesticides but also less water. If these plants are planted elsewhere, they might lack giving such incredible results and need more supervision and pampering. These beautiful Alabama Native plants can be easily found in some amazing botanical gardens like Kaul Wildflower Garden or Birmingham Botanical Gardens.