Two magnificent creatures are seen as the National Animals of the USA: the American bald eagle and the American bison.
With its elegant moves and fierce demeanor, it’s no surprise that the bald eagle came to represent the freedom of life in America. The bald eagle is a majestic bird of prey and is local to North America. It is known for its one-of-a-kind white head, brown body, and hooked yellow beak. With a wingspan of as much as seven feet, it is undoubtedly one of the most majestic birds of prey.
Not very far behind is the American bison, the country’s first national mammal, joining the bald eagle as a national symbol. The story of the American bison has not been a happy one; the American bison faced the danger of extinction less than 100 years ago. By the 20th century, the species’ population decreased from herds of over 40 million animals to less than 1,000 individuals. As a result, the Native Americans all over the nation suffered.
1. What Is the Significance of Declaring National Animals?
2. When Was the Bald Eagle chosen as the National Animal of the USA?
2.1. Initiatives Taken by the Government to Protect the American Bald Eagle
2.2. What Does the Bald Eagle Symbolize?
2.3. Fun Facts about the American Bald Eagle
- Despite what the moniker “bald eagle” suggests, this bird isn’t bald. It comes from piebald, which describes the eagle’s light and dark-colored feathers.
- Bald eagles can see four or five times farther than the typical human because of their 20/4 or 20/5 vision. A bald eagle can spot its prey 3 kilometers away!
- Bald eagles have the capability of soaring at high altitudes. They can soar as high as 3000 m (10,000 ft) and cruise at about 65 km/h (40 mph). When diving, they can reach up to 160 km/h (100 mph).
- Bald eagles can lay up to three eggs once a year during mating season, but it is rare that all three will survive. The eggs are incubated by both parents alternately.
- Bald eagles mate for life, being together for about 30 years before finding a new partner- only ever doing so if the previous partner dies.
3. When Was the American Bison Chosen as the National Animal of the USA?
4. What Does the American Bison Symbolize?
4.1. Initiatives by the Government to Protect the American Bison
4.2. Fun Facts about the American Bison
- November 6th is celebrated as National Bison Day.
- Despite the adult bison having dark fur, a baby bison is orange-red for a few months when they’re born.
- Bison can run faster than horses, at a speed of 35 miles per hour, and can jump as high as 6 feet!
- The daily intake of prairie grass by bison can reach 30 pounds. They have a digestive system designed to digest it.
- President Theodore Roosevelt hunted bison in the past. But he eventually turned to help in advance efforts to protect and maintain this significant American wildlife.