A luscious green park and a tinge of history is the perfect getaway location. The rich history and enchanting scenic overlook of the National Parks in Alabama offer recreational body workouts with a dose of historical details.
1. Horseshoe Bend National Military Park
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park commemorates the valorous military personnel who combated the freedom battle of the Creek War of 1814. This historically enlightening National Parks in Alabama is preserved by the National Park Service and captivates nearly 59,000 tourists all year long.
The sun on 27th March 1814 rose with the departure of General Andrew Jackson from Fort Williams to Horseshoe bend. He deployed General John Coffee and mounted infantry and both Cherokee and Creek allies to encircle the Horseshoe bend across the Tallapoosa river to prevent the Red Sticks from gaining assistance and disable their escape.
The Tennessee militia commanded by Jackson and the 39th USA Infantry began artillery attacks from behind the barricades built by the Red Sticks. Simultaneously, the Cherokee crossed the river along with Coffee’s army and overwhelmed the Upper Creek Red Sticks by bombarding from the rear.
Eventually, the escape of Chief Menawa prompted the defeat of 800 Upper Creek Red Stick warriors, which led to the victory of General Jackson, assisting to be the seventh president of the United States in 1828.
The peace treaty signed in August 1814 at Fort Jackson demanded 20 million acres of land from Upper and Lower Creeks to the United States, which shapes Alabama and Georgia to date.
2. Little River Canyon National Preserve
The Lookout Mountain graciously adorns the Little River Canyon in the Southern Appalachians, constituting the aesthetic National Parks in Alabama. This impeccable river was authorized National Preserve 1992 by Public Law to conserve the panorama of the Little River Canyon. Its unique scenic beauty and varied recreational activities are enjoyed by the locals as well as the tourists.
The most spectacular landform of the region, comprising of sedimentary rocks and sandstones, has eroded to form a dissected plateau at the Southern periphery of the Cumberland Plateau.
The freshwater of the contoured Little River from the deepest canyons runs from headwaters of Georgia and cascades an entire length down from the flat atop Lookout Mountain in northeast Alabama and unites with the Weiss Lake underfoot.
The shelter of the diverse species of plants and animals, Little River Canyon, glimmers with three glistening waterfalls; Little River Falls, Grace High Falls and Little Falls, revealing the breath-taking vista from forest highlands.
Little River Canyon, the National Parks in Alabama with its varied topographies, hilltops, wooded trails, canyon rims and bluffs, plunge pool and stone cliffs, set out a wide array of recreational activities such as diving, fishing, bird watching, cycling, rock climbing and trekking making it the epicenter of adventures.
3. Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument
National Monument, Birmingham Civil Rights is recognized as one of the National Parks of Alabama. It is administered by the National Park Service to conserve and honor the Civil Rights Movement.
Birmingham monument captures the Birmingham campaign and delivers the letters from Martin Luther King Jr from the Birmingham jail.
A.G Gaston motel, the headquarters where the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights abode to formulate strategies and advance the Civil Rights Movement led by Martin Luther King Jr, is the core of national monument today.
The Civil Rights Movement gained momentum with the images made public of the attack on children by fire hoses and unleashed ravel dogs by the police officials against the peaceful protesters. Media, an eye-opener of African Americans’ segregation and racial injustice infuriated the civilians pressurizing the political power to introduce the Civil Rights Act in June 1964.
This memorable National Parks in Alabama never fails to draw tourists with its tragic historical trace.
4. Freedom Riders National Monument
Barack Obama, in January 2017, officialized the location by signing the act of Congress to list ‘Freedom Riders’ as National Monuments. This recognized National Parks in Alabama pays homage to Freedom Riders for their strong conviction in the Civil Rights Movement.
At the Greyhound Bus Station (1033 Gurnee Avenue), on 14 May 1961, a bus loaded with the black freedom riders and white freedom riders was firebombed by a segregationist mob jointly with the Ku Klux Klan’s associates. The aghast public impelled the Federal Government to ban the segregationist’s travel.
The building adjoining to the bus depot narrates the past events of 1961 through the elucidative mural of Greyhound Bus as the Greyhound Bus Station is not yet opened for the public. Six miles away from Anniston, the Burning Bus site seizes the flames and echoes of the interracial Freedom Riders by dint of educational panels and mural paintings. The private property along Old Birmingham Highway/ State Route 202 enshrouds the Bus Burning Site.
Additionally, Anniston Memorial Hospital and Trailways Station, an integral part of Anniston Civil Rights and Heritage Trail, exhibits the throes of Freedom Riders.
5. Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site
One of the National Parks in Alabama, Tuskegee Airmen, commemorates the first pursuit of African American men and women in military aviation of the U.S Army Air Force in World War II. It was admitted under National Park Service in November 1998.
This historical site, the flight Training center in Moton Field, laid the foundation for equality and racial desegregation, providing a chance for the interracial to demonstrate their abilities and tenacity to serve the United States military.
In 1903, the successful flight by Wright Brothers had ruled Americans hearts to become a military pilot. Still, it caused hindrance for African Americans in the 1920s and 1930s with the widespread racial segregation. With the need for military aviators in World War II and the influence of civil rights groups, the United States Army Air Force permitted black civilians to aspire to military airmen.
The military allotted a segregate training program at Tuskegee Institute in the South for Tuskegee Airmen considering the racially discriminatory ambiance in the United States.
The remarkable success of Tuskegee Airmen in the air force describes the story of their hardship to attain a respectable position and equal rights with non-violent resistance. The scenic view, 20 exhibits and museums retrospect the past listing it the National Parks in Alabama.
6. Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
The African American School of Alabama, established on 4th June 1881, identified as the Tuskegee Institute, is a well-known National Parks in Alabama. This historical site has endowed thousands of African Americans with the blessings of academics and higher education. In 1965, the Tuskegee campus was marked as National Historic Site.
George Campbell and Lewis Adams, the former slave owner and slave, played a vital role in founding the University of Tuskegee. Upon the arrival of Booker T. Washington in Tuskegee, the construction of Tuskegee institute was followed by the recruitment of reputed teachers. In Alabama, Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute received the power to act independently under the administration of T. Washington, who prospered the institute during his mandate.
George Washington Carver, the first African American to secure an advanced degree in Agricultural Science, was hired as Director of Agriculture in Tuskegee Institute.
The historical National Parks in Alabama, Tuskegee site uncovers Tuskegee Institute campus alongside the Oaks, T. Booker Washington’s home and George Washington Carver’s Museum, which exhibits Carver’s crops, paintings, knitting and much more.
7. Trail of Tears National Historic Site
This historical site immortalizes native Cherokee who deceased in the travel to Indian territory after being forcefully driven from their motherland in Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee. The rumbling challenges of the past, Trail of Tears, received National Historic recognition in 1987 and entered the trail of National Parks in Alabama.
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 commenced the sad history of American Indian tribes by foot with obligatory relocation from the southeastern United States to Oklahoma during harsh weather conditions of 1838 to 1839, leading to abandonment, ill health and deaths.
The door to Trail of Tears is open through Alabama, Missouri, Tennessee, Georgia, North Carolina, Illinois, Kentucky, Arkansas and Oklahoma, driving back to the Teary tales of the past.
With its scenic view, the prettiest and lively National Parks in Alabama, Trails of tears captivates thousands of tourists for its perfect picnic spot, horse and hiking trails, and camping sites. The magnificent Lake Boutin and Mississippi River form the major center for fishing.
Trails of teary past offer exciting activities, symbolizing a happy trail to the future even with its teary past.
8. Russell Cave National Monument
National Monument, Russell Cave in Northeast Alabama, recognized in May 1961, is listed under one of the National Parks in Alabama and is governed by National Park Service. Russell Cave, a tour back to the prehistoric periodic of Southeast United States, unravels the mysteries of cultural heritage.
In shallow waters, an underground erosion carved a limestone cave inhabited by thousands of native Americans ages ago. This oldest underground chamber bestows a golden opportunity to decipher the lives of prehistoric Americans. The rich forest surrounding provided necessities for survival which can be traced even today.
Excavated artifacts in the museum are a sneak-peak of prehistoric lifestyle and culture in the cave shelter. An aesthetic trail along the boardwalk leads to the entrance of archaic history.
The serene park drifts an eye towards the diverse birds and wandering animals enhancing the rich flora and fauna along the adventurous hiking trail of 1.2 miles.
Traces of history plus recreational activities and an ideal reserved picnic spot are the best getaway to the National Parks in Alabama.
9. Muscle Shoals National Heritage Area
As per the wish of local communities, to strengthen the cultural aspects and quality of life of Muscle Shoals, legislation was signed in 2002. In 2009, Muscle Shoals was officialized as the National Heritage. As a result, it was listed as one of the best National Parks in Alabama and came under the administration of the National Park Service.
In northwest Alabama, the six counties neighboring to Tennessee River Basin showcase their cultural heritage. Three themes: Music, Native American Heritage and Tennessee River is the major accent of conservation of Muscle Shoals National Heritage Area.
Music ran in the blood of the Muscle Shoal region; the ruffling waves of Tennessee River were music to the ears of Native Americans, naming it the Singing River. Today’s music world is an influence of the rich music heritage of the Muscle Shoal.
Tennessee River is a significant flow of the United States with underground streams, shallow holes and caves encircling it. The versatile river basin is a dwelling for endangered wildlife than any other basins on the continent.
Early native American and European settlements trace back the importance of the Tennessee river, and it followed in the later years as a source of energy with the development of the hydroelectric power plant.
Nine dams and numerous canals were built along the river by Tennessee Valley Authority. The central idea of these National Parks in Alabama is to preserve and conserve the cultural heritage of American history whilst promoting educational tourism.
10. Natchez Trace Parkway
A 444 miles nature trail down three states of northwest Alabama, the Natchez Trace Parkway is one of the beautiful National Parks in Alabama. The scenic drive journey begins from Natchez of Mississippi and extends through Lauderdale and Colbert of Alabama to Nashville, Tennessee. To preserve and maintain the historic trail, in 1983, the Natchez Trace National Scenic Trail was determined.
Historic trail, Old Natchez Trace discovered by early Native Americans was the common route of European settlers, Native American explorers, merchants, military men and the boatmen ‘Kaintucks’.
Numerous narrow trails resulting in one parkway is a marveling aspect of the National Natchez Trace Parkway coupled with its historical details.
Colorful National Parks in Alabama, Natchez Trace Parkway enhances its extraordinary beauty during spring and autumn, sprinkling the parkway with blooming-glooming shades of nature.
A scenic drive is not the only charm of Natchez Trace. Diverse recreational opportunities of hiking, biking and horseback riding through the forest trail are exhilarating with the picture-perfect picnic spot towards the north shoreline of the Tennessee River.
The exhilarating features of the National Parks in Alabama, with its picturesque and historical details, make it an ideal vacation setting. A drive through national monuments and preserves, historic sites and heritage of National Parks in Alabama are worth a trip.